May 28, 2020
As we stand at the doorway to the 5G revolution, the telecom industry is also faced with certain unique communication requirements that are making it difficult in moving to 5G from existing technologies and business structures. It is, therefore, essential for the next generation networks to come up to the diverse expectations of the telecom arena and merge seamlessly into existing models.
At present, 5G mobile network services are classified into three broad domains:
1) Enhanced Mobile Broadband(eMBB): eMBB aims to cater to the increasingly digital lifestyles by concentrating on services that require higher bandwidth like high definition(HD) or 3D videos, virtual reality(VR), augmented reality(AR) or cloud-based applications. The focus here is to work on the digitization and superior quality streaming demands of the masses and accommodate those needs within the telecom services.
2) Ultra-reliable and Low-latency Communications (uRLLC): The uRLLC is focused on fulfilling demands of the rapidly evolving digital industry by majorly working on services that are latency-sensitive such as assisted or automated driving, remote management or mission-critical applications.
3) Massive Machine-Type Communications (mMTC): mMTC is focused on services that require higher connection density such as those that are used in smart cities or smart agriculture techniques. This implies that the use of mMTC is specifically around a more developed and highly digitized society.
The development and implementation of 5G systems into existing mobile network services are bound to enhance the overall telecom ecosystem. Diverse industries such as automotive, healthcare, energy, etc. will be impacted by this revolution and form part of this new digitized ecosystem. Needless to say that the advent of digitalization will open a wide range of opportunities for the mobile communication field, but one can also expect to see some uncommon challenges in mobile communication technologies with the incorporation of the new 5G systems. It would be interesting to see how those challenges mold the present 5G structures in their journey into the everyday lives of people.